This opinion piece by Jack Opiola, Steve Morello, Travis Dunn and Matthew Dorfman considers how the differences between road usage charging and tolling can be leveraged to help pass road usage charging legislation in the US.
This opinon piece answers recent criticism of road usage charging in the US, seeking to address some of the myths and msconceptions.
Transport Infrastructure: Getting the Funding Mix Right
Published: October 2013. Source: Transurban
This discussion paper argues that for governments in Australia to deliver infrastructure, they have to identify sources of capital beyond their own balance sheets and determine where and how they can attract private capital. It explores a number of options, including capital recycling (asset sales), user pays, the availability payment model and government subsidised infrastructure loans.
Published: September 2013. Source: Consult Australia
This discussion paper looks at the opportunities within Australia to generate funding through value capture mechanisms, and makes a number of recommendations for government action.
Published: August 2013. Source: High Speed Rail Advisory Group
The High Speed Rail Advisory Group was set up in April this year to advise the Federal Government on key industry and community issues arising out of the Phase 2 report on high speed rail. The Advisory Group has come out strongly in support of high speed rail, and urged the Government to take immediate actions to protect corridors and pave the way for a future business case.
Published: August 2013. Source: Clayton Utz
This report from law firm Clayton Utz outlines the track record of PPPs in Australia and how the PPP model could be improved for future projects. It argues that despite its critics, the PPP model still has a role to play in delivering Australia's infrastructure needs – if they are used on the right projects where they can demonstrate their true value.
Published: July 2013. Source: Business Council of Australia (BCA)
This Plan from the BCA proposes action in nine key policy areas, including infrastructure, to ensure a stronger economic future for Australia. It calls on governments to broaden the funding base for infrastructure through ideas like recycling of capital from asset sales, user charging (particuarly in the transport sector), value capture initiatives, reprioritising Federal expenditure so that a minimum amount is allocated annually to infrastructure, and borrowing for high-quality, productive infrastructure project.
Published: July 2013. Source: AAA
The 2013 AusRAP Star Rating report, produced by the Australian Automobile Association (AAA), concludes that the safety of the nation’s highways is unacceptable and targeted investment will save lives. The AAA has assessed almost 22,000 kilometres of highways and provided a ‘star rating’ of the condition of the various sections of the road network, with 1-star being the least safe and 5-star being the safest.
Published: July 2013. Source: Transport for London
This independent report, commissioned by the Mayor for London, Boris Johnson, sets out a long-term strategy for London roads (including major investment in street management and urban design) to ensure the city can cope with population growth over the next 20 years. It provides an illuminating insight into how London is facing up to the challenges of congestion and urban renewal.
This communique stems from a workshop conducted in Melbourne in April 2013. It outline six steps participants identified as being necessary to improve infrastructure planning in Australia, as well as a set of principles for future planning.
This artcile, written by respected academic Dr Max Lay, looks at the history of public infrastructure planning and delivery - and in so doing, challenges today's infrastructure planners and decision-makers to adopt a far more visionary and courageous approach to planning infrastructure.
This article is reproduced with the permission of ARRB Group Ltd.
Published: May 2013. Source: Evans & Peck
Road usage charging is seen as part of the solution to reduce congestion, assist in funding much needed transport infrastructure and improve the efficiency of road use. But one of the key hurdles to the introduction of broad scale road pricing is community acceptance. This report by Evans & Peck Sydney Principal, Andrew McKindlay, proposes an aggregated transport account as a mechanism for gaining community acceptance of road pricing, whereby users can easily compare mode choice outcomes and monitor their individual transport expenditure.
Published: May 2013. Source: MWH Global
Conducted by strategic consulting and engineering firm, MWH Global, this study examine what Australians want from the cities they live in, now and into the future. The survey of more than 1,000 people looks at why Australians live where they do and assesses the importance placed on a range of factors including employment, infrastructure, aesthetics, education, culture, food, environment, healthcare and essential services.
Published: May 2013. Source: Property Council of Australia (Vic Division)
In this report commissioned from ACIL Allen Consulting, the Property Council calls on the Victorian Government to introduce congestion charging (packaged with variable public transport fares) and sell 30-year tolling concessions for the Monash, Tullamarine, Eastern and Geelong freeways and the Western Ring Road, as part of a suite of major economic reforms to stimulate the State's economy and boost jobs growth.
Published: May 2013. Source: The Grattan Institute
This report analyses housing, income and transport data in Australia’s four largest cities to make a case for building more homes in established areas of cities and improving urban transport. Among its recommendations is a call for road user-charging to ensure that road space is preserved for the most productive uses and as a way to raise funds for public transport.
Published: May 2013. Source: Infrastructure Partnerships Australia
IPA's submission to this NSW Parliamentary Inquiry calls for the staged implementation of Network Tolling on the Sydney Motorway Network, and for the NSW Government to take on a lead role in supporting the Heavy Vehicle Charging and Investment process.
Published: April 2013. Source: Springer Science and Business Media, New York
Written by David Hensher and Corrine Mulley of the Institute of Transport and Logistics Studies at Sydney University, this paper argues the need for a carefully structured demonstration of what might be done to progressively introduce adjustments in road user charges that are seen to reduce the costs to motorists, while ensuring no loss of revenue to government. Using Sydney as the example, it seeks to show how this can be achieved by the reform of registration fees in the presence of a distance-based charging regime that can deliver financial gains to motorists, with prospects of revenue growth to the State Treasury.
Published: April 2013. Source: Victorian Auditor-General's Office
This report argues for a greater focus on the application and implementation of demand management tools to address road congestion in Melbourne. Among its recommendations, the report calls for a review of the likely cost-effectiveness and feasibility of road pricing options and regimes.
Published: March 2013. Source: Moving People 2030 Taskforce
This report outlines a whole-of-system approach to how transport infrastructure in Australia is funded, how people and goods are moved, and how we can better integrate spatial planning systems with effective transport networks. The report explores a number of funding options, including user-pays charging and value capture, as well as making recommendations on how to make our existing transport networks work more efficiently.
Published: March 2013. Source: Transport Reform Network
This submission by the TRN calls for NSW to take a lead role in engaging with the Commonwealth, local and state governments to commence a review and reform process for the way we plan, finance, fund and manage our land transport across Australia.
Published: Feb 2013. Source: John Gardiner
John Gardiner is one of Australia's most experienced transport executives, a former MD of ConnectEast and current Non-Executive Director of Queensland Motorways. In this submission he describes briefly the transport reform challenge, addresses public perceptions related to road transport and the need to reform those perceptions, and presents a recommended solution.
Published: Dec 2012. Source: Deloitte
This paper raises some of the key issues and identifies several options for road pricing, asking the fundamental question - is Australia ready? It argues that public acceptance of any variable or direct road user charge will require reforms to existing charges, a substantial proportion being reinvested in public transport, and political and bureaucratic courage.
Published: 2012. Source: GHD
This discussion paper from consultants GHD looks at the link between efficient transport systems and higher productivity. It seeks to define an 'ultimate mobility system' and provides case studies that demonstrate actions that can produce real productivity outcomes.
Published: Nov 2012. Source: Institute of Transport and Logistics Studies
This working paper (ITLS-WP-12-22) by Prof David Hensher and Michiel Bliemer shifts the debate from the mechanics of road pricing to the political dialogue. It suggests a new language is needed to achieve political 'buy in', starting from the premise that the big challenge is in convincing politicians (and their advisers) that it is possible to reform road pricing so that the great majority of users are better off, government coffers are secure, and funds are available to improve public transport and the existing road network.
Published: Nov 2012. Source: RACV
RACV's transport blueprint for outer Melbourne and Geelong identifies 159 priority arterial road projects across 16 Local Government Areas, and urges the State Government to put in place a long-term investment strategy that enlists the support of the Federal Government, and engage with the private sector to deliver an accelerated program of works in outer Melbourne.
Published: Oct 2012. Source: Infrastructure NSW
The NSW State Infrastructure Strategy (SIS) outlines a strategic framework and challenges facing NSW in meeting its infrastructure needs over the next 20 years. Infrastructure NSW makes recommendations on the priorities it believes should be pursued by the State Government, and makes a case for user charging to fund key road projects like the proposed WestConnex. Section Six of the document includes a brief discussion on the role of road pricing.
Published: Oct 2012. Source: Institute of Transport and Logistics Studies
Working paper ITLS-WP-12-20, by Prof David Hensher and Corinne Mulley, examines what might be done to progressively introduce adjustments in road user charges that are seen as reducing costs to motorists, while ensuring no loss of revenue to government. Using Sydney as the example, the authors argue this can be achieved by the reform of registration fees alongside a distance-based charging regime (either for the peak or all day.)
Published: Sept 2012. Source: Murray Hollis.
This paper, presented at the 35th Australasian Transport Research Forum in Perth, advocates for a national road-use management strategy based around the use of low-cost data acquisition and communication units fitted in all motor vehicles and communicating with a central management system. The author says these units could monitor vehicles’ location, velocity and acceleration, and transmit data only for safety, emergency, law enforcement and research, with appropriate privacy protection.
Published: Sept 2012. Source: Committee for Melbourne
This transport funding and financing discussion paper canvasses a range of 'value capture' options to fund Melbourne's transport future. The paper acknowledges some of these options are controversial. but says it's no reason to shy away from a sensible debate in the community.
Published: July 2012. Source: Infrastructure Partnerships Australia and Arup
This report calls for the Productivity Commission to develop accurate ways of tracking the performance of Australia’s major cities; and calls on all three levels of government to integrate the way they plan, regulate and operate metropolitan infrastructure.
Published: July 2012. Source: Infrastructure Partnerships Australia and Booz & Company
This report calls for a fundamental overhaul of transport planning, drawing on global best practice to identify the common approaches that have allowed places like London, Singapore and Hong Kong to get their transport networks right. The report looks at the actual cost of a journey for a commuter, including fare price, travel time, vehicle operating costs and the other value factors that drive commuter decisions. While it acknowledges that no single mode is a silver bullet, the report says more informed decisions are needed about the types of transport projects that should be developed.
Published: July 2012. Source: Tourism & Transport Forum, LEK Consulting and GA Research
This major report from the TTF explores the reasons and roles for greater private sector involvement in the delivery of public transport, particularly through the adoption of a franchise model whereby governments contract out the operation and maintenance of a public
transport service for a set period but retain ownership of the assets and infrastructure and generally set fares and service levels.
Published: July 2012. Source: Ian Spring
This paper by independent economist Ian Spring advocates that rather than letting net debt run down as a proportion of GDP (as the latter increases year by year), the Federal Government should borrow to maintain the debt/GDP ratio at its current level - 10% - to fund the transport infrastructure backlog.
Published: June 2012. Source: Infrastructure Finance Working Group (IFWG)
The expert panel advising the Federal Government on infrastructure finance has called for a sustained period of reform by all levels of government to get the infrastructure market moving. It’s also urged governments to implement targeted measures such as user charges to enhance price signals to better balance supply and demand, and to increase the funding available for infrastructure investment.
Published: May 2012. Source: RAC Foundation
Commissioned by the RAC Foundation in the UK from the independent Institute for Fiscal Studies, this report examines the relentless decline in the UK Government's tax revenue from fuel duty and vehicle excise duty (despite predicted growth in traffic), and proposes future policy options including road-pricing.
Published: April 2012. Source: Property Council of Australia
The Property Council submission makes 31 recommendations to the NSW Government on its long-term transport masterplan. The submission stresses the importance of integration, certainty, future-proofing and an apolitical approach to long-term transport planning.
Published May 2012. Source: Infrastructure Partnerships Australia and Aegis Consulting Australia
A research paper released by Infrastructure Partnerships Australia (IPA) calling on the NSW Government to outsource parts of the CityRail network and hold a Special Commission of Inquiry into the future shape and operation of the NSW passenger rail network.
Published: Dec 2011. Source: Consult Australia
Consult Australia's policy report, Tomorrow's Cities Today, puts the spotlight firmly back on the major cities that drive our nation. The report calls for ambitious reform and provides a series of practical recommendations that would position cities planning as a national priority. The report makes practical recommendations under the themes set through the National Urban Policy of productivity; sustainability; liveability; and good governance.
Prepared by AECOM for the Victorian Competition and Efficiency Commission, this Executive Summary sets out an agenda for reform that includes increasing use of usage (mobility) pricing; improving frameworks for governance and decision-making; improving appraisal; investing in productive infrastructure and in real options; increasing contestability; and making more productive use of existing infrastructure.
Published Oct 2011. Source: Australasian Railway Association (ARA)
Commissioned by the ARA, this report outlines the benefits of rail (compared to other transport solutions) in alleviating congestion, reducing our carbon footprint and improving the health and well-being of people.
Published: Oct 2011. Source Tourism & Transport Forum
This TTF position paper advocates the introduction of a tax-free allowance for commuting expenses such as public transport fares and park and ride costs. The TTF argues that similar initiatives in the US and Ireland have delivered 'win-win-win' for commuters, employers and governments.
Published: Sept 2011. Source: John Gardiner
This paper was presented to the 2011 ITS Symposium on the Gold Coast by John Gardiner, a former MD of ConnectEast and current Non-Executive Director of Queensland Motorways. John argues for a two-pronged approach to road pricing reform - a vehicle registration charge that includes a per-kilometre charging component to replace fuel excise, and an urban motorway variable charge.
Published: Sept 2011. Source: Institute of Transport and Logistics Studies, Uni of Sydney
A working paper by professors John Stanley and David Hensher that looks at the real costs of road use in Australia and provides international case studies on congestion charging. The paper argues that an independently run community conversation around reforming road pricing, reporting to COAG, is the critical starting point if there is to be a successful implementation program.
Go to the ITLS website to download the working paper - ITLS-WP-11-17.
Published: Sept 2011. Source: Lancaster Environment Centre
This three-year study funded by the UK's Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council looked into the reasons why people may or may not choose to ride bicycles or walk to their destinations. The findings suggest that the perception of bicycling and walking as "abnormal" or "second class" is a roadblock, but building safer environments for walking and bicycling, lowering speed limits, and reducing trip distances are helping boost the number of people choosing to travel by those modes.
Published: Sept 2010. Source Transport & Tourism Forum and LEK Consulting
This discussion paper, prepared for the TTF by LEK Consulting, argues that public transport needs to grow, increasing pressure on the sources of its funding. The paper canvasses various options to help cover the cost of public transport infrastructure and services, including optimising fares and congestion charging.
Published: Oct 2010. Source: Australasian Railway Association (ARA)
Provides the rail industry position on road pricing, making the case for the introduction of mass-distance-location heavy vehicle charging and the establishment of a single national economic regulator for land transport.
Published: Oct 2010. Source: Consult Australia
Australia’s increasing infrastructure backlog sends a clear message that current policy will not fund the transport infrastructure we need now for a growing population and competitive economy. Consult Australia has responded to this challenge by developing an integrated funding framework for transport infrastructure, Transporting Australia’s Future, as a 'win-win' solution for government, business and the community.
Published: June 2010. Source: Australasian Railway Association (ARA)
This Strategy provides the rail industry position on freight policy. It recommends the need for competitive neutrality between transport modes to capture the full economic, social and environmental cost/benefits of transport.
Published May 2011. Source: NRMA Motoring and Services
This report canvasses ideas to reduce congestion, maintain reliable travel times, manage demand, and keep Sydney's traffic moving.
Published March 2011. Source: US Congressional Budget Office
This report analyses the effects of alternative approaches to funding highways. In particular, it compares the effects of current fuel taxes and of possible new taxes on the number of miles US highway users drive.
Published: March 2010. Source: Australasian Railway Association (ARA), Bus Industry Confederation (BIC), International Association of Public Transport (UITP)
A collaborative publication from the three leading groups representing the public transport industry in Australia, this report outlines key policy outcomes and strategic objectives, a seven point national plan, the role of public transport in addressing challenges such as congestion, rising road toll and climate change. It also proposes that the Commonwealth Government takes a leadership role in improving Australian public transport system.
Published: March 2009. Source: US National Surface Transportation Infrastructure Financing Commission
This landmark report from a US Congress-created Commission called for sweeping reform of America's transportation infrastructure funding approach, including a shift from fuel tax to a mileage-based usage fee by 2020. The Commission's final report said more transparent charging for using infrastructure might also spur drivers to use the system more efficiently, reducing the overall investment need.